1 year Master’s degree programs in Canada is an important step in obtaining higher academic education. However, many of our compatriots prefer to receive a master’s degree not in domestic, but in foreign universities. A master’s degree program in Canada gives you the opportunity to study with the greatest modern researchers and participate in unique scientific projects. But you need to prepare for admission to such an institution for a long time and seriously, pass tests to confirm your knowledge of English, and submit a full set of documents no later than 7 months before the beginning of the semester.
In this article, we will discuss:
What is a Master’s Degree Program?
A Master’s degree is usually called the second stage of obtaining higher professional education, following the bachelor’s degree. It is necessary to deepen and expand professional knowledge.
Training in the master’s program is aimed at a deep study of the theoretical foundations of the chosen specialty of the student and preparation for further research work.
Obtaining a master’s degree is a prerequisite for further postgraduate studies and awarding a scientific degree.
For this reason, the requirements for master’s degrees are quite high.
To study at this stage, in addition to granting a bachelor’s degree, you need to pass the appropriate exams and pass a competitive selection process.
What is the Canadian 1 Year Masters Degree program?
Postgraduate Canadian education is aimed not so much at the acquisition of theoretical knowledge but at research work. Comparing the level of study in Canada, the master’s degree program in this country is roughly equivalent to the domestic postgraduate program.
Canadian universities offer 3 types of master’s degrees:
- Master’s degree program on the basis of the curriculum-assumes successful completion of the training program at the appropriate institution. The duration of such training is 1-1. 5 years.
- Master’s degree on the basis of a research program-this type of master’s degree program involves not only the adventure of a theoretical course but also the writing of a master’s thesis. The latter is based on scientific research conducted in the institution. When writing such a paper, each student is assigned a different supervisor. At the same time, it is desirable to decide on his candidacy and topic of work even before entering the University. On average, such an educational program lasts about two years.
- The degree of doctor of philosophy – Ph.D.) – conferring such a high title is possible only if you have completed training and written a fundamental research paper that has made a significant contribution to the study of your chosen subject. Usually, it takes 2-3 years to prepare a job at this level, and sometimes even more.
However, depending on the region, you can study in English or French. If you are interested in a master’s degree program in Canada in English, then this question should be clarified in advance on the institution’s website.
The Difficulty of Admission
Admission to a master’s degree abroad requires long and serious preparation.
Canadian universities almost never hold entrance exams. Often, students are admitted based on a statement of your grades from the previous University and the results of passing standardized tests. The latter include TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) and GRE (Graduate Record Examinations).
The higher your average score, the more likely you are not only to enroll in a University but also to receive a scholarship.
The TOEFL test is mainly aimed at identifying the level of English language proficiency, while the GRE is an indicator of the level of General knowledge. Sometimes the GRE test is also conducted in specialized disciplines. The minimum requirements for the results of these tests may differ from one University to another. This information is often provided on the institution’s website.
Among other things, when applying to a Canadian University, the student’s personal qualities play an important role. For such institutions, it is important that the candidate chosen by them is ready to get the maximum benefit from the given chance.
Speaking about the difficulties of studying in the Canadian master’s program, it is necessary to note the applied orientation. Basically, the training of students is carried out on the basis of a specific research project, so that the candidate must have a good theoretical base.
Advantages of completing 1 Year Master’s degree in Canada
Admission to the master’s program in Canada gives you the opportunity to study with outstanding modern scientists and participate in unique scientific research.
In addition, master’s students after 6 months of study are eligible to obtain a work permit to work off-campus (provided that you do not have a paid position at the University). At the same time, you can work part-time during the school year, and during the holidays, you can work a full shift.
Plus, studying for a master’s degree in Canada gives you the right to obtain a work permit for up to 3 years. In the future, it can become the basis for awarding a residence permit or even citizenship.
List of Universities in Canada for 1 Year Master’s Degree Program
- Acadia University
- Brock University
- St. Francis Xavier University
- Memorial University of Newfoundland
- University Of Waterloo, Ontario
- University Of Toronto, Ontario
- McGill University, Montreal, Quebec
- Simon Fraser University, Burnbay, B.C.
- Carleton University, Ottawa , Ontario
- Universite DE Montreal, Quebec
- Queens University, Kingston, Ontario
- University Of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC
- Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec
- University Of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta
- University Of Victoria, B.C.
- University Of Calgary, Alberta
- University Of Sakatchewan
- York University
- University Of Western Ontario
- McMaster University
- Universite DU Quebec
- Ecole Polytechnique, Montreal
- University Of Windsor
On average, about 4% of foreigners study at Canadian universities. At the same time, the concentration of foreign students in some institutions reaches almost 20%.
Information about the availability of master’s programs must be specified on the institution’s website.
Depending on the chosen program, the academic year in Canada may start in September or January. Admission ends approximately 7-9 months before the start of the semester, so it is advisable to apply at least 10 months before the start of the course (and start preparing for the tests even earlier).
!Admissions committees review applications as they are received and can immediately offer a place to the candidate they like. Plus, keep in mind that many government institutions have restrictions on accepting foreign applicants. And if you are also hoping for a scholarship, then your documents should be faultlessly executed and sent among the first.
You should start by taking the TOEFL and GRE tests. To participate in the exams, you need to submit an application. After reviewing it, you will be informed of the date and time of passing each of the tests.
After receiving certificates with the results, you can send an application form to the University of your choice (the application form can be found on the institution’s website). You must attach the following documents to it:
- A translated copy of the diploma and an extract with grades.
- Motivation letter. In it, you must explain in a convincing way why you are worthy of participating in the training program. Here you also need to indicate your scientific and professional plans. It is advisable to immediately outline the topic and describe your research project in General terms.
- Recommendations from several teachers or colleagues (if you worked somewhere or did an industrial internship).
!Important: You have the right to apply to several universities at once, but you must write a motivational letter and recommendations separately for each institution.
- The results of TOEFL and GRE.
All the above documents can be sent by registered mail or by e-mail.
Often, the response from the University comes about a month after submitting all the documents. (In addition to accepting or rejecting, you may be offered a conditional offer. This is a decision about temporary enrollment, that is, you will become a full-fledged student only if you send some additional documents).
!If you enroll in a University, you will need to obtain a study visa and medical insurance.
Tuition fees in Canada
A free master’s degree program in Canada is possible only if you are awarded a scholarship that will fully cover the cost of your education. In this case, you will only have to worry about your own security.
If the amount allocated to you is not enough, then you will have to cover the difference from your own pocket.
In General, it is quite difficult for a foreign student to get security for studying in another country, because training foreigner costs the University more than training a citizen of their own country.
When considering a master’s degree program in Canada, study grants are often awarded only to Canadians. So don’t count on them.
In rare cases, when participating in research projects, a student may be offered a paid assistant position (usually no more than half the rate).
If you consider a paid master’s degree in Canada, the cost of a year of study, depending on the University, will cost you 7,000-35,000 Canadian dollars.
But even if you are lucky enough to get a scholarship, studying for a master’s degree in Canada is still not cheap. So, you will have to pay for your own accommodation and food out of your own pocket. Plus, for most courses, you will have to buy special books.
The master’s program is a mandatory stage for those students who see their future in a research environment. Many of our compatriots choose Canadian universities for these purposes. The level of training and in-depth research practice equate such training to a domestic postgraduate program. In favor of the master’s degree program in Canada, and the reviews of many practicing scientists.
Health Insurance for International Students in Canada
Health care in Canada is funded by the state from taxes received by the Treasury. Canadian citizens and permanent residents who have government health insurance do not pay for most health services. You can get a medical policy in your own province or territory.
In some provinces, people who have just obtained a residence permit can immediately take advantage of local health insurance programs. Other provinces set a waiting period of up to three months. During this period, private health insurance comes to the rescue.
Private insurance may be useful to cover the cost of services that are not covered by government programs. Sometimes fees for physiotherapy, dental and ophthalmological services are covered by insurance, which is issued to its employees by the employer.
Medical care in Canada
OHIP is the name of an Ontario health insurance plan. It covers doctor’s appointments, hospitalizations, abortions, emergency calls, certain dental surgeries, Podiatry, and optometry. When applying to a doctor, you must present your medical policy.
You can get an OHIP three months after you arrive in Ontario at any service office in the province. To do this, you must provide a completed Form 0265-82, ID card, proof of residence in Ontario (such as a utility bill), and a valid residence permit.
In British Columbia, health insurance is called a health care Plan (MSP). You can get it three months after you arrive in the province. BC residents pay a monthly fee to their insurance account if their annual income exceeds $ 26,000 (see the table).
The MSP covers services provided by doctors, midwives, hospital dental surgeries and oral surgery, necessary vision checks, and x-rays.
The policy does not include procedures that are not medically necessary, routine eye exams, payment for prescribed medications, or dentistry, with the exception of the aforementioned surgical procedures. In this case, you must either pay for the services yourself or buy an additional insurance policy.
The health insurance provided in the province of Alberta is known as the Alberta health insurance Plan (AHCIP). It can be issued from the day of arrival in the province, provided that all the requirements are met.
To obtain the policy, you must provide proof of residence in Alberta (these can be bills and utility bills), an ID card (passport or driver’s license), and proof of legal residence in Canada (a permanent resident card or immigration document issued at the point of entry).
In Quebec, health insurance services are provided by the Health Insurance Board of Quebec, or RAMQ.
Residents arriving in Quebec from outside Canada are not eligible for medical coverage immediately, but rather after three months from the registration date. Those who come to work temporarily can also get a policy in Quebec. To do this, you need to present an immigration document that is valid for six months with an indication of the employer.
It is better not to delay getting the policy. To do this, you need to visit the RAMQ office, where you can get and fill out the required registration form. You can not submit an application via the Internet.
The documents required to obtain health insurance for permanent residents include the original permanent resident card (or other document issued by immigration authorities that permits permanent residence) and, in most cases, documents of residence in Quebec. Such documents can be a copy of the rental agreement/purchase of housing or a certificate from work.
In Saskatchewan, health policy is simply called a” health card ” (Saskatchewan Health Card). To get it, you must provide proof of your identity, the right to stay in Canada, and your residence in Saskatchewan. The application can be submitted via the Internet.
The policy includes all medical services, both inpatient and outpatient.
Permanent residents are eligible for health care in Manitoba from the day they receive the appropriate status. To obtain an insurance certificate, you must provide a photocopy of your passport, all immigration documents, and a completed registration form.
- cases of “emergency” (necessary medical care),
- doctor’s consultations,
- ambulance service (but not delivery to the hospital),
- medications are taken at the hospital or on a doctor’s prescription, etc.
The insurance does not cover the cost of:
- treatment of chronic diseases, as well as injuries, poisoning and their consequences that occurred before the insurance was issued;
- treatment of mental illnesses or reactive neuroses, epileptic attacks, etc.;
- planned hospitalization
- Insured person for treatment of chronic diseases;
- rehabilitation or Wellness treatment.
Scholarship Programs In Canada
Canada is one of the countries with a fee-based education system, so even local students pay for their own tuition. However, in Canada, there are wide opportunities for full or partial funding of education at the expense of scholarship programs of the state, universities, as well as Canadian and international foundations and charitable organizations. Since a limited number of scholarships and grants are available to international students, the competition for financial assistance is extremely high.
Please note that receiving a scholarship from the government of Canada, a University, or another source may impose a number of obligations on the recipient. These often include limiting employment opportunities at the time of receiving the scholarship and limiting the length of stay in the country.
Government of Canada scholarships
The government of Canada, through the Department of Foreign Affairs (Foreign Affairs Canada), provides scholarships to foreign students for postgraduate studies (i.e. master’s and doctoral programs). The Canadian government does not provide scholarships for undergraduate studies, for studying medicine and dentistry (at any level), or for MBA programs. A program of study (research) that can be sponsored by the government of Canada must meet a number of requirements:
a) relate to the arts, social Sciences, Humanities, Commerce, Natural Sciences, or engineering;
b) be directly related to Canada: its history, literature, political structure, economy, sociology, geography, etc. The course of study or research topic may also refer to areas in which Canada has some achievements or address issues in which Canada has recognized expertise: bilingualism, multiculturalism, nature of the North, telecommunications, long-distance transport, Maritime law, etc.
The scholarship covers the cost of tuition, registration fees charged by the University, and also includes monthly payments for personal needs in the amount of 1.2 thousand CAD. The scholarship is awarded once for a period of up to one year, but it can be extended for another year, subject to certain progress in academic performance and the consent of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Canada.
The government of Canada also allocates Post-Doctoral Fellowships (so-called “postdocs”), intended for holders of scientific degrees equivalent in Canada to the degree of doctor of science. The amount of these scholarships is 1.3 thousand CAD per month, for 4-6 months.
With the help of state scholarships, students of Russian Universities studying for a master’s degree or postgraduate program can perform part of their scientific work in Canada. For this purpose, a scholarship is allocated, covering the cost of tuition, registration fees of the University, and including monthly payments for personal needs in the amount of 1.2 thousand CAD. The scholarship is granted once for a period of 6 to 12 months.
Holders of all the above scholarships will be compensated by the government of Canada for the cost of a student visa, life and medical insurance, flight to and from Canada, and other lump-sum payments totaling CAD 700.
The government of Canada also sponsors short (up to 5 weeks) research trips within the framework of the Faculty acquisition Program (for teachers) and the Faculty Research Program (for researchers): to collect and promote material on Canada. Detailed information and application forms for these grants can also be obtained from the Canadian Embassy in Moscow.
Of the ten provinces in Canada, only Quebec and Ontario have their own scholarship programs for international students. Unfortunately, the Quebec provincial government’s scholarship programs that reduce tuition fees for foreign students to the same level as local students (the so-called different fee waivers) are currently unavailable for Russian citizens, as they require certain interstate agreements. However, domestic researchers can apply for Merit scholarship programs that require prior approval by the administration of one of the universities in the province of Quebec. Information about the Merit scholarship program is available at fqrnt
At the same time, International students can participate in the competition for scholarships of the government of the province of Ontario — Ontario Graduate Scholarship Program (OGS). The OGS program provides scholarships in the amount of 10 or 15 thousand CAD for postgraduate studies at universities in the province of Ontario. There are different ways to apply for OGS depending on whether the candidate is enrolled in a particular University or not yet. The detailed procedure for getting OGS is described on the page: Osap.gov
Canadian University scholarships
Universities in Canada offer a wide range of scholarships and grants to foreign students, funded both from their own funds and in cooperation with research institutes, centers, charitable foundations, and businesses. Most of the grants are intended for conducting research in postgraduate programs. The conditions for obtaining grants are diverse: specialization in a certain field of research, academic performance during a certain period of study, participation in sports, and social life of the University. Universities provide a number of so-called online courses. entrance scholarships — scholarships for first-year students, the consideration of the possibility of awarding which in many cases occurs simultaneously with the University enrollment procedure.
Scholarships can cover both the full cost of tuition or be provided in the form of lump-sum payments against its cost. Information about available grants can be obtained through specialized databases or on the websites of specific universities.
Scholarships for international charities and foundations
The Ford Foundation international scholarship program actively sponsors Russian students studying abroad, providing grants for master’s, postgraduate and doctoral studies in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Funding for research activities on topics related to the protection of human rights, social justice, citizenship, etc., is possible through the Canadian Trudeau Foundation (http://www.trudeaufoundation.ca/).
Databases and search services:
- Scholarships Canada (www.scholarshipscanada.com)
- Student Awards Database (www.studentawards.com)
- University of Waterloo Searchable Database (www.grad.uwaterloo.ca/Scholarships/index.asp)
International charitable organizations and foundations:
- Ford Foundation international fellowship program ( www.iie.ru/pgms/IFP/index.htm)
- Rotary Foundation (www.rotary.org/foundation/educational/index.html)
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